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Reblogged from "Birth of Impressionism and the Musee Marmottan, Monet in Paris" Kim Miniciello
|Impression:Sunrise, Oil in Canvas, Claude Monet, 1872, Musée Marmottan, Paris|
On April 15, 1874 a small group of artists arranged a small independent art show to buck the establishment. They called themselves the Anonymous Society of Painters, Sculptures, etc. The exhibition included artists Claude Monet, Edgar Degas, Pierre-Auguste Renoir, Camille Pissarro, Berthe Morisot and others.
It wasn’t until French art critic Louis Leroy wrote a scathing critique entitled “Exhibition of Impressionists” (coined from an exhibit "Impression Sunrise" by Claude Monet, that the group would become “Impressionists.”
Kim writes "When I lived in Paris I was fortunate to see this painting many times as well as other works by Monet, Renoir and Morisot at the Musée Mormottan Monet, which is in the 16th arrondissement only a few blocks from where I lived. Originally a hunting lodge on the edge of the Bois de Boulogne, it is a gem of a museum. It has many beautiful works of art most notably a bequest in 1966, of Michel Monet’s collection of works by his father.
What I love about Monet’s collection here is that there are works that seem to be works in progress and those done during his later years when he was afflicted with cataracts. With these one can get a sense of his painting process. And the color palette from the cataract years is much warmer with golds and yellows, not typically Monet but gorgeous.
Today on the birthday of this major art movement I wanted to pay homage to the “Artists Independent” who later became known as “Impressionists,” the painting that coined the term, and the Museum where it currently resides!"
A side note, Impression: Sunrise was stolen from the Musée Marmottan Monet in 1985, recovered in 1990 and has been back on display since 1991.
LIST OF FIRST IMPRESSIONIST EXHIBITION ARTISTS
By Sea Dean
These are the artists that participated in the first Impressionist Exhibition: It wasn’t until the third exhibition that they officially called themselves “Impressionists.” Each artist has links some of which are in French because as yet there is no English translation. I have to admit that until I researched I was unfamiliar with many of these artists and it appears they were quite obscure. Some are so obscure that there are no links at all.
• Zacharie Astruc (1833 - 1907) French (see Note Peter James Field)
• Antoine-Ferdinand Attendu (before 1870 - after 1898) French
• Édouard Béliard (1832 - 1912) French
• Eugène Boudin (1824 - 1898) French
• Félix Braquemond (1833 - 1914) French (see Note Peter James Field)
• Jaques-Emilie-Édouard Brandon (1831 - 1897) French?
• Pierre-Isidore Bureau (1827 - 1876) French
• Adolphe-Félix Cals (1810 - 1880) French
• Paul Cézanne (1839 - 1906) French - BLOGGED
• Gustave Henri Colin (1828 - 1910) French
• Louis Debras (1820 - 1899) French
• Edgar Degas (1834 - 1917) French
• Jean-Baptiste Armand Guillaumin (1841 - 1927) French (see Note Peter James Field)
• Louis LaTouche ? Can't find anything
• Ludovic-Napoléon Lepic (1839 - 1889) French (see Note Peter James Field)
• Stanislas Lepine (1835 - 1892) French
• Jean-Baptiste-Léopold Levert (1828 - after 1880) French
• Alfred Meyer ? (1872 - ?) German
• Auguste De Molins (1821 - 1890) French
• Claude Monet (1840 - 1926) French - BLOGGED
• Mademoiselle Berthe Morisot (1841 - 1895) French - BLOGGED
• Emillien Mulot-Durivage (1838 - 1920) French
• Joseph (Guiseppi) DeNittis (1846 - 1884) Italian
• Auguste-Louis-Marie Ottin (1811 - 1890) French (see Note Peter James Field)
• Léon-Auguste Ottin (1836 -? ) French (see Note Peter James Field)
• Camille Pissarro (1830 - 1903) French
• Pierre-Auguste Renoir (1841 - 1919) French
• Stanislas-Henri Rouart (Henri Rouart) (1833 - 1912) French
• Léopold Robert (18 - ) ? (There was an artist of this name but he died in 1835)
THE BIRTH OF IMPRESSIONISM Kim Minichiello
THE LOST IMPRESSIONISTS by Peter James Field
Kathleen Adler’s ‘Unknown Impressionists’ PHAIDON
Research by Sea Dean
REF 2084 GIVERNY 1900 by Sea Dean