Saturday, 12 December 2015


The Group of Seven, AKA The Algonquin School, was a group of Canadian landscape painters. Believing a distinct look could be developed by direct contact with nature, The Group focused on painting the Canadian landscape. The Group of Seven was the first major Canadian art movement, later succeeded by the Canadian Group of Painters in the 1930s, which allowed female members.They worked from 1920 to 1933 and originally consisted of

Franklin Carmichael (1890–1945
Lawren Harris (1885–1970)
A. Y. Jackson (1882–1972)
Frank Johnston (1888–1949)
Arthur Lismer (1885–1969)
J. E. H. MacDonald (1873–1932)
Frederick Varley (1881–1969)
A. J. Casson (1898–1992)  joined in 1926
Edwin Holgate (1892–1977) in 1930
LeMoine Fitzgerald (1890–1956) in 1932.

Two more artists commonly associated with the group are:-

Tom Thomson (1877–1917)
Although he died before the official formation, Thomson had a significant influence on the group. In the essay "The Story of the Group of Seven", Lawren Harris wrote that Thomson was "a part of the movement before we pinned a label on it". "The West Wind" and "The Jack Pine" both by Tom Thomson, are two of the group's most iconic pieces.

Emily Carr, (13 December 1871 - 2 March 1945) whose birthday it is today, was also closely associated with the Group of Seven, although she was never an official member because she was a female. She was an artist and writer inspired by the Indigenous peoples of the Pacific Northwest Coast.

Carr was one of the first painters in Canada to adopt a modernist and post-impressionist painting style. She didn't receive widespread recognition for her work until later in life. As she matured, the subject matter of her painting shifted from aboriginal themes to landscapes and in particular, forest scenes.

As a writer, Carr was one of the earliest chroniclers of life in British Columbia. The Canadian Encyclopedia describes her as a "Canadian icon". In Western Canada if you wish to build a career in Art, you aspire to being accepted to the Emily Carr University of Art and Design.